Escherichia Coli

Escherichia coli (abbreviated E. coli), also known as Kolibakterium, is a gram-negative, acid-begeißeltesing bacterium that occurs in the human and animal intestines.

It was named after the German pediatrician Theodor Escherich, who described it for the first time.
Escherichia coli bacteria belong to the family of intestinal bacteria and are usually not kankheitserregend if they are in the intestine.
Within the intestinal Flora E. coli induces a continuous training of the intestinal mucosa, which produces the immune protein immunoglobulin A and thus keeps the intestinal flora under control. Another benefit of this bacterium is the conversion of vegetable Vitamin K1 (phytomenadione) into the vitamin K2 required by the body, which plays an important role in blood clotting.

E. coli inhabited the human and animal intestines within 40 hours after birth. It lives there as a parasite.

If E. coli succeeds in conquering a new habitat, this good and useful bacterium can turn into a pathogenic pathogen. It can gain the ability to produce toxins or even develop resistance to antibiotics.

Some coli strains dissolve intestinal diseases in humans and animals. Possible diseases in animals are Coliruhr for suckers and piglets, Coliseptikämie of calves, lambs and poultry, as well as Colimastitis in cows.

E. Colibakterien are considered to be an indicator of fecal contamination if they can be detected in water or food.


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